Posted by News Express | 12 June 2019 | 588 times
John Grisham is the prolific author of seventeen novels: The Last Juror, ironically, is his first. I was privileged to have read it not long ago. In the opening chapter, this maverick story-teller narrated how a once-upon-a-time iconic newspaper house was mismanaged.
His words: “After decades of patient mismanagement and loving neglect, The Ford County Times went bankrupt in 1970. The owner and publisher, Miss Emma Gaudle, was 93 years old, and strapped to a bed in a nursing home in Tupelo. The editor, her son, Wilson Gaudle, was in his 70s and had a plate in his head, from the First War. A perfect circle of dark grafted skin covered the plate at the top of his long, sloping forehead. And throughout his adult life he had endured the nickname of Spot. Spot did this. Spot did that. Here, Spot. There, Spot.”
This brief but iconoclastic and meticulously graphic description of the crass mismanagement of the once-influential newspaper depicts perfectly the story of Nigeria as a political entity, which had great prospect at independence but went on to become terribly mismanaged by the politicians in both khaki military uniforms and civilians. Sadly too, like the near-moribund media institution illustrated in Grisham’s novel whereby both the publisher and editor were old, Nigeria’s President and his unelected cabal are men in their early 80s or 90s in real life.
It is for the fact that Nigeria is like a house that is about to collapse - which calls for introspection on the part of the citizens on how to salvage this collapsing political entity - that it is significant that citizens should endeavour to set an agenda for those who exercise democratic mandate in both the legislative and executive arm of government. There is also as an ever-increasing need for citizens to be vigilant and defend the independence of the judicial arm of government.
Such a citizen-led charter of demands is critical, because a reputable thinker was quoted as affirming that “what is needed for evil to triumph is for good people to do nothing.”
Therefore, as President Muhammadu Buhari has just been inaugurated for a second and final constitutionally-allowed tenure, and he has reportedly made proclamation which has called for the inauguration of the Ninth National Assembly, it is incumbent on us all as citizens to build effective agenda for the sustenance of constitutional democracy because, as the saying goes, “eternal vigilance is the prize of liberty.”
Clerk of the National Assembly, Mohammed Sani-Omolori, had earlier in the day confirmed receipt of the Proclamation Letter of the ninth Assembly. He made the confirmation while briefing selected journalists in his office on Thursday. He said the letter, by implication, takes effect from 12 midnight on Saturday, June 8.
President Buhari had last week forwarded the letter to the Clerk in fulfillment of provision of Section 63 (4) of the constitution.
Omolori's confirmation of the proclamation letter, however, comes as lawmakers in both chambers held valedictory sessions to mark the end of the eighth Assembly.
The Clerk is expected to officiate at the proclamation and inauguration on Tuesday June 11, 2019.
Instructively, four years ago, Dr ‘Bukola Saraki who has just read his valedictory speech as the Senate president and chairman of the just-ended eighth National Assembly, had read a short speech itemizing what the legislature would strive to achieve.
He told Nigerians: “I am most honoured and privileged to be elected to serve as President of the Senate. I accept with humility and respect the honour you have conferred upon me today.
“We have today demonstrated that even though we may belong to different parties, we are ultimately united by our common desire to entrench democracy and allow its principle guide our conducts.
The change that our people voted for is a change from a life of poverty and misery to a life of prosperity, happiness, security and comfort, accountability and respect for democracy. This is a change that all of us in the National Assembly must strive to justify. Nigerians want to see a proactive National Assembly.
“My dear distinguished colleagues, we are entering at a time when a lot is being expected of us. Nigerians expect that the new Senate must make laws that will reform the oil sector, the security systems, diversify our economy, create jobs and make doing business in Nigeria more competitive.
“In the coming days, we shall be converging to hammer out an agenda that will help us focus and deliver on the minimum expectations. I have inherited from my predecessor a great landmark..
“May the future generation of citizens look upon the 8th National Assembly as a true assembly of our people’s representatives, who did their best in the service of our nation.
“I congratulate ourselves for this great day and the beginning of a new chapter in the history of our great Nation.”
Reading through the brief speech of Senator Saraki, which he read before they started sitting, one can vividly see that part of the agenda was to establish and tenaciously defend the independence of the legislature.
The protection of the independence of the legislature was critical because of the character of the person elected in 2015 as president - in the person of Muhammadu Buhari - who was once a military dictator.
Buhari has in a recent interview with Nigerian Television Authority accepted that he played some roles in virtually all the military overthrows of democracy, beginning with the immediate aftermath of the post-independence political crisis that engulfed the First Republic.
Also, section 4 of the constitution gives the National Assembly the legislative powers of the federation. That section 4 says:
“(i) The legislative powers of the Federal Republic of Nigeria shall be vested in a National Assembly for the Federation, which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives;
(ii) The National Assembly shall have power to make laws for the peace, order and good government of the Federation or any part thereof with respect to any matter included in the Exclusive Legislative List set out in Part I of the Second Schedule to this Constitution;
(iii) The power of the National Assembly to make laws for the peace, order and good government of the Federation with respect to any matter included in the Exclusive Legislative List shall, save as otherwise provided in this Constitution, be to the exclusion of the Houses of Assembly of States;
(iv) In addition and without prejudice to the powers conferred by subsection (2) of this section, the National Assembly shall have power to make laws with respect to the following matters, that is to say:-
(a) any matter in the Concurrent Legislative List set out in the first column of Part II of the Second Schedule to this Constitution to the extent prescribed in the second column opposite thereto; and
(b) any other matter with respect to which it is empowered to make laws in accordance with the provisions of this constitution.
(v) If any Law enacted by the House of Assembly of a state is inconsistent with any law validly made by the National Assembly, the law made by the National Assembly shall prevail, and that other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void;
(vi) The legislative powers of a state of the federation shall be vested in the House of Assembly of the State;
(vii) The House of Assembly of a state shall have power to make laws for the peace, order and good government of the state or any part thereof, with respect to the following matters, that is to say:
(a) any matter not included in the Exclusive Legislative List set out in Part I of the Second Schedule to this Constitution;
(b) any matter included in the Concurrent Legislative List set out in the first column of Part II of the Second Schedule to this constitution to the extent prescribed in the second column opposite thereto; and
(c) any other matter with respect to which it is empowered to make laws in accordance with the provisions of this constitution.
(viii) Save as otherwise provided by this constitution, the exercise of legislative powers by the National Assembly or by a House of Assembly shall be subject to the jurisdiction of courts of law and of judicial tribunals established by law and, accordingly, the National Assembly or a House of Assembly shall not enact any law, that ousts or purports to oust the jurisdiction of a court of law or of a judicial tribunal established by law;
(ix) Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this section, the National Assembly or a House of Assembly shall not, in relation to any criminal offence whatsoever, have power to make any law which shall have retrospective effect.”
The leadership of the immediate past National Assembly fought many political battles with the executive arm of government, which fundamentally began when President Buhari rejected the emergence of Bukola Saraki and Yakubu Dogara as Senate president and Speaker of the House against his presidential will.
The relationship between the National Assembly and the executive then became frosty and topsy-turvy.
Cabinet level officials of the presidency and such officials of the executive arm of government, such as the then Inspector-General of Police Ibrahim Idris, and the then Director-General of the State Security Service (DSS), Alhaji Lawal Daura, openly challenged the authority of the National Assembly.
The then IGP and many of Buhari’s ministers refused to attend mandatory meetings called by the National Assembly.
Constitutionally, in section 81, the National Assembly is legally empowered to pass the budgets, and there are plethora of other provisions that empowers the National Assembly to provide oversight functions on all arms of government regarding expenditure patterns.
But the executive and the legislature at the centre in the last four years waged internecine political battles of supremacy.
At a point, the acting chairman of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Ibrahim Magu, was unsuccessful in three confirmations, yet the President refused to remove Magu, despite the inability to scale through the screening in the Senate.
The DSS led by the former Director-General Daura invaded the National Assembly with 100 hooded armed operatives.
However, despite the challenges, both chambers made shocking findings of financial infractions against certain agencies.
The House of Representatives, probed alleged non-remittance of stamp duty charges and other revenue estimated at over N20 trillion into the Federation Account by ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs) and, reportedly, indicted the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).
The House also set up an ad-hoc committee to undertake the investigation and report back to it within four weeks, for further legislative actions. This followed the adoption of a motion sponsored by chairman of the House Committee on Sports Development, Mr Goni Bukar Lawan, at one of the plenary sessions.
Lawan, in his lead debate, recalled that a few years ago, banks were mandated to collect Stamp Duties from account holders, stating that although the deductible amount per bank account seemed small, cumulatively, it amounted to several trillions of naira.
The lawmaker noted that it was alarming that public institutions, including the Central Bank of Nigeria Interbank Settlement System (NIBSS), Nigeria Postal Services (NIPOST), among others have overtime failed to remit stamp duty taxes into the Federation Account, running into trillions.
According to him, “NIPOST entered into an agreement in 2014 to collect Stamp Duties, and armed with the masters’ service agreement with NIPOST, the school banking honours (SBH) approached the Central Bank of Nigeria for authorisation to engage deposit money banks (DMBs) and other qualified Stamp Duty collection agents; and the CBN gave required approval.“
The House of Representatives through an ad-hoc committee also investigated the non- remittance of trillions of naira by the federal, states and local governments into the Nigerian Social Insurance Trust Fund (NSITF), since 2010 till date.
The National Assembly made shocking revelations of theft of billions of naira in the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation in which the President made himself the Minister of Petroleum, and presided over the ministry; even after a Federal High Court invalidated his self-made appointment. Also billions of public funds were paid illegally for petrol subsidy, without legislative approvals.
The ninth session of the National Assembly will early next week start sitting, since the presidency has already done the needful by calling for the convocation of the National Assembly. But there is strong sign that there is a strong move to impose handpicked stooges of the President as leaders of both houses of the National Assembly. This writer confronted Senator Ahmed Lawan, who is speculated to be the stooge of Buhari as Senate President in the coming Senate, but he denied it and told me that he will never become a rubber stamp Senate President. Only time shall tell; should he emerge as successor to Saraki, adjudged as the most vibrant Senate President in the political annals of Nigeria.
The simple agendum for the National Assembly is to ensure that fundamental human rights are not suppressed. The National Assembly is expected to resist all attempts to make them a rubber stamp legislature.
Freedom of press; freedom of movement, right to life, transparency and accountability have all faced one challenge or the other, with the independence of the judiciary already attacked viciously by Buhari, with the illegal imposition of acting head of the court system; after the kangaroo trial resulting in the forced retirement of Chief Justice Walter Onnoghen.
The coming National Assembly must protect these ideals that are bulwarks of constitutional democracy. There is the need for law reforms to bring some extant laws up-to-date with global best practices.
The anti-terror law; the Cybercrime Prevention Act must be updated to meet up with contemporary developments.
Insecurity has become absolutely troubling, just as law enforcement institutions suffer from crass indiscipline, lack of professionalism and improper supervision, resulting in several cases of extra-legal killing of citizens by security forces. The legislature must tackle, through quality legislative oversight, the twin evils of unemployment and mass poverty ravaging the nation.
These are areas of legislative overhaul by the coming National Assembly, which must safeguard legislative independence.
•RIGHTSVIEW appears on Wednesdays and Saturdays, in addition to special appearances. The Columnist, a popular activist (www.huriwanigeria.com, www.emmanuelonwubiko.com), is a former Federal Commissioner of Nigeria’s National Human Rights Commission and presently National Coordinator of Human Rights Writers’ Association of Nigeria (HURIWA).
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