Fidelity bank banner UBA banner
Disease outbreak looms as floods spread

By Chinedum Uwaegbulam, Chukwuma Muanya (Lagos) and Terhemba Daka (Abuja) on 19/09/2018

Share on facebook Yahoo mail icon Gmail icon Share on Google+

Views: 325

•Flooded community
•Flooded community

Scientists have predicted an increase in cases of water and mosquito-borne diseases. The forecast followed flooding in several communities across the country and the consequent contamination of water sources.

With the likelihood of more rains, amid a cholera outbreak that has already claimed 517 lives, they expressed concern that things could get worse.

The Nigeria Hydrological Services Agency (NIHSA) and the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) had issued warnings of flooding, which may affect 13 states, especially around the Rivers Niger and Benue.

Already, President Muhammadu Buhari has directed all Federal Government agencies “to use their authority and resources to assist victims affected by the natural disaster.”

A statement by his spokesman, Garba Shehu, last night, said the new directive was conveyed through the director general of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), Mustapha Maihaja.

Buhari assured Nigerians that his administration will do all it can to minimise the sufferings of the affected people.

“We are sending out alerts to the effect that the flooding being experienced in some parts of the country may lead to rising in water and mosquito-borne diseases. Flooding can disperse faecal contaminants, increasing risks of outbreaks of waterborne diseases such as diarrhoea and cholera. There will also be more stagnant water that will breed mosquitoes, resulting in rise in mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria and yellow fever,” the chief executive officer of the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), Dr. Chikwe Ihekweazu, told The Guardian yesterday.

According to the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) flooding and communicable diseases fact sheet, floods can also potentially increase the transmission of typhoid fever, leptospirosis, hepatitis A, dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever and West Nile fever.

Ihekweazu said the NCDC had outlined 10 ways to prevent diseases during flooding. These are: do not drink floodwater or use it to wash dishes, brush the teeth or wash/prepare food; ensure chlorination of public source of water supply; ensure proper disposal of waste and sewage; wash hands frequently with soap and clean water; and discard all medicines, food and bottled water contaminated by flood water.

Others are: ensure water is properly boiled before drinking; avoid open defecation and indiscriminate refuse dumping; avoid mosquito bites by ensuring consistent use of insecticide-treated nets; health workers should observe universal care precautions; and visit a health care facility immediately, if you experience sudden fever or diarrhoea.

Meanwhile, emeritus professor of forest ecology at the University of Ibadan and chairman of the board of directors, Nigerian Environmental Study Action Team (NEST), David Okali, regretted that the flooding is being compounded by the lack of drainage channels, especially in urban areas.

“Most of the rivers are filled with sand. We also have so much segmentation and abuse of watersheds by deforestation of vegetation cover. Invariably, urbanisation is increasing and people are removing vegetation,” he said.

The executive director, Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth, ERA/FoN, Dr. Godwin Ojo, blamed poor sanitation, improper drainage management and the lack of orientation among residents.

“People empty their waste in gutters. The drainages are clogged with chemical, industrial and domestic waste. Our environment is our life. It is where we live. And when we foul the nest, the repercussion is excessive flooding, inundation of houses, farmlands, destruction of livelihoods and rise in food prices,” he said.

On his part, the immediate past regional director of UN-Habitat for Africa, Prof. Banji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka, noted: “Flooding is usually, at least, in part, a result of infrastructure deficit. Where there are no culverts, water must find its level. We must realise that climate change is upon us.”

Chike Chikwendu, the executive director, Centre for Energy and Environmental Sustainability, however, stressed that the yearly flooding in some riparian states are predictable. According to him, “These are states lying along the major rivers of Niger and Benue and include Delta, Anambra, Niger, Edo, Benue and Kogi. The seasonal rains and the anthropogenic release of water from dams built across the River Niger at Kainji and Lagdo, along the River Benue, accentuate flooding in these states.”

He predicted that the flooding is expected to continue due to intensity of rain, blockage of drainage systems and poor urban and community planning.

For a solution, Dr. Ewah Eleri, the executive director of International Centre for Energy (ICEED), urged the federal government to embrace a timely dissemination of information and ensure that people in flood-prone states are prepared.

“NIMET provides yearly information. There are no good indications that these have been effective. Beyond information, a stakeholder platform on flood management, especially coordinating states and federal agencies, could be useful in developing and implementing yearly drainage system management,” he said.

 Sourced from a Guardian report


Source News Express

Posted 19/09/2018 11:45:12 AM


Share on facebook Yahoo mail icon Gmail icon Share on Google+




You may also like...
Southern Borno group hails Buhari over inauguration of...

Nigeria, 3rd poorest country in the world, World...

FRSC set to unveil new operational vehicles

Evil maid jailed for assaulting toddler

Governorship Primary: Ogun APC slams NWC for unending...

Prison Warden impregnates minor, abducts victim for abortion...

El-Rufa’i launches Keep Kaduna Clean campaign

Nigerian Customs impounds 2 helicopters

Buhari, APC disagree over election of Saraki, Dogara...

Zinox Boss to FG: Use technology to eradicate...

Breaking News: Abducted schoolgirls reportedly seen •Security agencies...

Coalition blames sabotage for Queens College deaths


Latest News MASSOB vs IPOB: Uwazuruike opposes Nnamdi Kanu, tells Igbos to vote in 2019 Fayose takes ‘stomach infrastructure’ to EFCC’s custody, feeds 150 detainees Disregard for rule of law worst corruption than stealing of public funds — US envoy Obi, Umahi meet in Abakaliki Oshiomhole has become a cancer to APC and must go — Coalition of 2019 APC Presidential Aspirants Job scam: I sold my commercial bus to raise N600,000 — Witness tells court National Assembly has helped save Nigeria from collapse — Speaker Dogara Resume or Resign Protest: Court orders police to pay Charly Boy N50m Norway unfolds plan to issue visa to more Nigerians Imo APC supporters protest alleged imposition of candidates FG’s Visa-on-Arrival policy boosting tourism — Minister PDP queries Buhari’s protection of suspended NHIS boss


Most Read NUDE PHOTO OF OMOTOLA JALADE-EKEINDE surfaces online (409,015 views) Nigerian female sex addict opens up, says ‘I like it with both men and women’ (383,596 views) Shameless Genevieve Nnaji exposes breasts in public (316,027 views) Finally named: The full list of friends of Nigerian female sex addict who prowled Facebook (259,347 views) OLUMBA OLUMBA OBU (the one who called himself God) IS DEAD (238,459 views) Igbo scholar disgraces Femi Fani-Kayode •Demolishes claims on Igbo/Yoruba history with facts and figures (225,003 views) Breaking News: POPULAR REVEREND CONVERTS TO ISLAM in Kaduna (Nigeria) (204,879 views) OBJ’s son reported dead in Lagos plane crash •Names of more victims emerge (186,298 views) My wasted years in Olumba Olumba Obu’s Evil Brotherhood (171,174 views) THE FINAL DISGRACE: Igbo scholar unleashes more facts about Igbo/Yoruba history, finishes off Femi Fani-Kayode with second article (166,390 views) Lagos plane crash: Journalist releases victims’ names (162,063 views) Gunmen kill ASP, 2 other police officers in vain bid to kidnap Rivers PDP chieftain (149,751 views)


Categories Advertorials (3) African Press Organisation (81) Art & Literature (70) Business & Economy (3,703) Business Verdict (52) Columnists (949) Complaints & Requests (94) Enterprise & Opportunities (207) Entertainment (561) Features (660) Global Business Monitor (305) International (2,566) Interview (165) Live Commentary (28) Love Matters (145) News (39,841) Opinion (1,127) Pidgin (13) Politics (7,354) Religion (885) Sports (1,740) Stock Watch (35) AMA & Al Jazeera Global Update


NLNG Prize for Literature 2018

Zenith Zero Balance

CBN banner

Firstmobile banner





LIBYA vs NIGERIA 2-3 Goals Highlights


APO Group Partner




GOCOP Accredited Member

GOCOP Accredited member



Africa Media Agency and Al Jazeera