Posted by News Express | 2 February 2018 | 3,272 times
Prof. Dickson Ozokwelu – a renewable energy expert with over 40 years experience in diversified chemical engineering and management – is currently in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy at the United States’ Department of Energy Headquarters in Washington DC. Prior to his current position, Ozokwelu has held senior engineering and management positions at BP North America and Eastman Kodak Chemicals. He is a leading International expert on energy, power, oil and gas. He has a rich and diverse experience cutting across academia, industry, entrepreneurship and government. A former World Bank Consultant on Renewable Energy for Africa, Prof Ozokwelu is one of many beneficiaries of the philanthropy of Dr Alex Ekwueme, former Vice-President (1979-1983), Federal Republic of Nigeria; particularly his academic support through the Ekwueme Memorial Trust Fund. In this interview, Ozokwelu pays tribute to the man who assisted him achieve his glittering professional career.
Question: Prof, we are here for you to pay tribute to the departed former Nigerian vice- president, His Excellency Dr Alex Ifeanyichukwu Ekwueme. Who is Alex Ekwueme, from your perspective?
Prof. Ozokwelu: The late former vice-president, Dr Alex Ekwueme, played diverse and noble roles in his life. Among the roles, was his great impact on my life, in addition to few other positive ones I will mention, and then attempt to expatiate on one by one.
First, Dr Ekwueme was a great philanthropist. Second, Ekwueme was a great intellectual, as shown by his ability to earn degrees across diverse disciplines, including Law, Architecture, Sociology, Urban & Town Planning, et cetera. As a great professional, he is one of the few Nigerians who not only had academic degrees, but also displayed his prowess throughout his practice and lifestyle. He started Ekwueme Associates, an Architectural, Urban and Town Planning firm, which made major contributions to the development of Nigeria.
By 1975-76 timeframe, Ekwueme Associates had about 13 architects on its payroll, including some of my classmates who graduated in 1975. Ekwueme Associates designed and completed all the Urban and Town Planning master-plans for each of the old 19-state capitals of Nigeria, including the Abuja Federal Capital Territory (FCT), right at the onset of their creation. That was a very major contribution which many people are unaware of. Perhaps, his greatest character trait was that he lived a very simple, unassuming, productive and inspirational life, despite all his exemplary accomplishments. Then, there was Dr Ekwueme - the great leader and politician - who was colossal both at the national and community levels. At the community level, he brought a lot of development projects to his area, including the College of Arts and Science, which is the Federal Polytechnic, Oko, today. This was in addition to several other city roads and infrastructural developments in Oko community and environs.
As a politician, he was a national leader and a great patriot. He was calm and very courageous. Of course, he was the vice-president of Nigeria from 1979 to 1983, during the Alhaji Shehu Shagari administration. Needless to say, he was a very loyal vice-president to Alhaji Shagari, with whom he maintained a life-long friendship.
Dr Ekwueme left a lot of legacies. One of the most outstanding is, arguably, the six geo-political zonal structure, which Nigeria currently uses in the delimitation of units of political space. It is on record that as both a politician and leader, Ekwueme led the battle to restore democracy to Nigeria by rallying opposition to late Gen Sani Abacha, who had wanted to transmute into a civilian dictator. In response, Dr Ekwueme started assembling what was then known as the Group of 11, which soon grew to G-18, G-34 and, finally, became what we know today as the Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP).
As a politician, Ekwueme left a lasting legacy as one politician who was not only upright but one who was incorruptible. This sparkling quality was evident throughout his entire life and throughout all the things he did in Nigeria: both in the private and public sectors. He was not corrupt. Indeed, not corrupt is a gross understatement. Ekwueme was incorruptible. I believe all Nigerians bear testimony to this fact.
At a time, such as now, when we are engaged in a war against corruption, let’s not forget that there was a man who walked the political space in this country at the highest level. He had all the opportunity to amass wealth for himself and enrich his family, friends and cronies – which has since become the norm in our nation – but vehemently refused to do so. As is also common knowledge, at the time the government that he served was overthrown, in December, 1983, by the military, led by no other person than the current president, Gen Muhammadu Buhari.
In the end, Dr Ekwueme was thoroughly investigated by the Panel organised for that purpose and found totally clean of corruption. Remarkably, of all the politicians of that era investigated, Ekwueme was the only one that was found to be corruption-free. Not only was he found to be free of corruption, the panel declared that he was the only one who actually came out of office poorer than he was when he went in. That is remarkable, even by international standards.
Is there a lesson for both the Federal Government in particular and Nigerians in general?
Yes, indeed! There are several lessons there. One very important lesson here is that there are still in our midst men and women of honour and integrity who could be counted upon to serve and restore the integrity of our nation, Nigeria. In other words, there is hope for Nigeria, provided we can look inwards and identify the right kind of people and skills who can help in this regard.
Secondly, and perhaps more importantly, the passing of Dr Alex Ifeanyichukwu Ekwueme offers this administration a great opportunity to castrate corruption at the highest level. To do this, I strongly recommend to the Federal Government to name or rename, as the case may be, the Headquarters of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) after Dr Alex Ekwueme. An ‘Alex Ekwueme House,’ as the headquarters of the EFCC, will be a bold statement about our commitment to the war against corruption. This will immediately send out a message that we are committed to fighting the evil of corruption. It also sends the message that we appreciate honesty and probity and are prepared to demonstrate that appreciation. Most importantly, it would be a bold historic banner for our children and future generations to behold and study. No other honour that I can readily mention would be more befitting than that for His Excellency Dr Alex Ifeanyichukwu Ekwueme.
You said that late Dr Ekwueme was a great philanthropist. Could you elaborate on that please, because I am not sure a lot of Nigerians are familiar with that side of him?
I think the best way I can talk about his type of philanthropy is to share my own first meeting experience with him. Prior to my first meeting with Dr Ekwueme, I had received admission letters to various universities in the UK, Canada and United States for graduate work in Chemical Engineering, including Cambridge University; Imperial College of University of London; University of Manchester (UMIST); McGill University, Canada; MIT, and Oklahoma University. Only the last university gave me a teaching assistance position and allowed me to pay in-state fees, beginning my first day of enrollment. Financial assistance of any type in the other US universities depended on my performance, after completing the first semester.
It was a Sunday afternoon, a day prior to my first meeting with Dr Ekwueme; I went out on a social outing and ran into two guys from Nanka, a neighbouring town to Oko, Dr Ekwueme’s hometown. I shared with them that I received admission and financial support to Oklahoma State University in the United States, but I lacked the money to travel to the US, despite the fact that I have two Federal Government scholarships. The scholarship issue is another topic for discussion elsewhere. These guys told me that there is one man called Dr Ekwueme, who will readily assist somebody like me to go for higher education. I remember telling them that there is nobody in Nigeria that will do that for a stranger; but, that I will try anyway. They gave me his office address at Ikoyi, Lagos.
The next day was Monday morning and I was in a long line of people waiting to see Dr Ekwueme at his Ikoyi, office. When it was my turn, I presented my academic credentials to him and presented my request. To my surprise, he never asked me the expected questions such as “Who are you?”, “Who is your father?”, “Which is your tribe?” or “Where is your town?”, et cetera.
Rather, his first question was: ‘Are you ready to go to America now?’ I answered, yes! His second question: ‘Do you have a passport?’ I answered, no, sir!
Before I could kneel down to beg to be allowed to go get a passport, he called one of his aids and told him when this gentleman comes back with his passport, please give him the usual two packages to go to the US Embassy. And that was it! Two weeks later, I was back in the office with my passport, and I was given two envelopes. I did not see Dr Ekwueme again.
One of the envelopes had a check for N2,000 when one naira exchanged for 1.5 US dollars. In order to understand the value of N2,000 at the time, a 4-door 504 Peugeot or British Rover sold for N4,000! This was a lot of money, especially for me.
The other envelope had some papers in it and was addressed to the US Embassy in Lagos. Next, I went down to the African Continental Bank and cashed the check, and used the money to buy a ticket. In those days, one has to go to the embassy with a plane ticket. I then proceeded to the American Embassy the same day. When I submitted the letter from Dr Ekwueme to the embassy, they asked me if I am related to Dr Ekwueme. I answered ‘no.’
After looking at Dr Ekwueme’s letter and the letter for financial assistance from Oklahoma State University, they gave me a visa. Total time spent at the embassy was about 30 minutes. When I came out of the embassy, it was very sunny and I remember bursting into tears of joy.
Within a week and half, I was on the plane going to United States. The next time I saw Dr Ekwueme was two years later, when I visited Nigeria after completing my MS and already enrolled in the PhD programme in Chemical Engineering. I went in the company of one of my mentors, Chief S N Okeke, to greet him. He was hosting some distinguished chiefs in his house at Oko.
I was humbled and happy as he introduced me as one of his boys that he was very proud of. I strived to maintain a close relationship with him through letters; and despite his busy schedule, particularly after he became Nigeria’s Vice-President, he never missed replying to any of my letters.
After completing my PhD in Chemical Engineering, I returned to Nigeria in 1986. I went to his house at Oko to pay back the money from Ekwueme Memorial Trust Fund. He refused to take the money, and told me if I liked what he did for me, then I should go ahead and do the same for others: and you bet I have. There are many people like me that would not have accomplished their academic and professional goals without financial assistance from Dr Ekwueme. What a philanthropist he was!
I cannot conclude this tribute without saying a few words about Dr Ekwueme’s vision for Nigeria. The time was 1998, when I heard that Dr Ekwueme was participating in the PDP primaries. I was on secondment to the highest rank in British Petroleum, North America, out of Chicago, United States. I simply had to volunteer to assist in raising funds and supporting him through his campaign. I was the coordinator for the Midwest in the United States, while Prof Nnaji was the coordinator for the entire North America. We like to claim that we raised the most money from the Midwest.
When he visited Chicago, I went to the airport in company of two gentlemen to pick him up. As soon as he got into the car, I gave him a proposal titled Operation Infrastructure for his campaign manifesto, and we drove him straight to Radio Chicago, to tell the world why he decided to run for president of Nigeria.
To my amazement, it took us about an hour from the airport to the Radio Chicago premises, and he finished reading the 30-page document and discussed his thoughts with me very intelligently. That is how I knew he was a very fast reader. And, when I asked him how he did that, he told me he took some fast-reading classes to prepare for his busy schedule. I didn’t expect him to read all of it, but he did read and understood it all.
He then asked questions about how to implement it, if we indeed won the election. Operation Infrastructurewas about three companies in each zone, including one for electricity; the second for telecommunication (telephone); and the third for water in each of the six geopolitical zones: a total of 18 companies in the whole of Nigeria.
All the companies would be private companies, and ground-breaking for all the companies would be at the same time and the same day. Details of planned implementation cannot be fully discussed here, but the idea was to give all parts of the country what they all need at the same time and, therefore, break the yoke of tribalism and sectionalism. We also agreed to establish Ministry of National Orientation to engage in programmes that will bring Nigerians together through national financed inter-tribal marriages, sports and cultural displays.
Dr Ekwueme and myself believe so much in one Nigeria, that we wanted to put Nigeria first in everything we planned to do, so as to unify Nigeria: something we very much lack today. Suffice it to say that Ekwueme was the best president that Nigeria never had. He loved Nigeria very much, and so do I. May his soul rest in peace.
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