Over 300,000 children under 5 die from diarrhoea, diseases linked to limited access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene

Posted by News Express | 15 October 2016 | 2,275 times

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With cholera spreading fast in the aftermath of Hurricane Matthew in Haiti, and with a new outbreak in war-ravaged Yemen, UNICEF has urged children, families and communities to make washing hands with soap a habit to help prevent the spread of diseases.

In a statement issued on the eve of Global Handwashing Day, UNICEF said that in 2015, more than 300,000 children under the age of five died globally from diarrhoea infections linked to poor access to safe drinking water and sanitation – a rate of more than 800 per day. It lamented that many of these deaths could have been prevented through the simple act of handwashing with soap.
“Every year, 1.4 million children are dying from largely preventable diseases like pneumonia and diarrhoea,” said UNICEF’s global head of water, sanitation and hygiene Sanjay Wijesekera.
“These are staggering numbers, but they could be greatly reduced by working with children and families to adopt a very straightforward solution – handwashing. We know, for example, that handwashing with soap before meals and after using the toilet could reduce the incidence of diarrhoeal infections by 40 per cent.”
A recent survey conducted by UNICEF in Nigeria found that about 10 per cent of households did not know about the critical times to wash hands and could not demonstrate proper handwashing techniques. The survey also revealed that only 12 per cent of households have handwashing facilities with soap or ash located at their latrines.
Proper handwashing practice also contributes to the healthy development of children by keeping them in school. Handwashing actually improves school attendance by reducing the spread of preventable diseases, which means children are not staying home because of illness.
“Handwashing just makes sense as a frontline preventive measure to keep children safe from disease – it’s simple, cost effective and a proven lifesaver,” said Wijesekera.
In Haiti, a country with poor water and sanitation infrastructure and a persistent cholera outbreak, suspected cholera cases and acute diarrhoea have increased sharply since the October 4 hurricane.
“This is everyone’s worst nightmare,” said Marc Vincent, UNICEF Representative in Haiti. “Less than two weeks after the hurricane, cholera may be spreading in areas where it previously barely existed and diarrhoea is preying on already vulnerable children. Immediate action is essential – children’s health is at risk.”
Facts on handwashing as identified by UNICEF include the following: One gram of faeces contains 100 million bacteria.
Approximately 1 in 5 people globally wash their hands after using the toilet.
Each year, 1.7 million children do not live to celebrate their fifth birthday because of diarrhoea and pneumonia.
When children wash their hands with soap after going to the toilet or before eating, they reduce their risk of getting diarrhoea by more than 40 per cent.
Acute respiratory infections like pneumonia are the leading cause of death in children under the age of five.
Evidence suggests that handwashing with soap after using the toilet and before eating could reduce the pneumonia infection rate among children by around a quarter.

Source: News Express

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