Posted by News Express | 2 September 2013 | 7,586 times
The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) this morning launched the Entrepreneurship Development Centre (EDC), South-South geopolitical zone, as part of its bid to empower Niger Delta youths with relevant skills to enable them take care of themselves and become useful citizens of the country.
The centre was launched by CBN Governor, Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, who in his speech outlined the objectives of the scheme introduced five years ago and its impact on the youths of the areas where it has so far been implemented.
The event attracted a large crowd of Cross Riverians, including Governor Liyel Imoke, who unveiled the plaque while Sanusi cut the tape to declare the centre open.
The EDC initiative commenced 2008 in three locations – Onitsha (South-East), Kano (North-West), and Lagos (South-West). Since then “the three centres have trained a total of 41,828 persons, counseled 94,259 entrepreneurs and have directly led to the creation of 13,124 jobs. Furthermore, a total of 1,743 trainees were linked to financial institutions from which they obtained loans amounting to N227.84 million to start or expand their businesses. This first phase of the CBN-EDC initiative came to an end April 2013 having operated for 5 years,” Sanusi said in a Keynote Address delivered at the EDC South-South launch in Calabar, capital of Cross River State.
The CBN Governor described the high-level turnout at the event as “an eloquent testimony to the commitment of Nigerians to participate in worthy development efforts that hold promise for improving the lot of our citizenry, particularly the youth.”
Below are excerpts of his address, which captured the essence of the scheme and CBN’s determination to continue to impact meaningfully on the economic development of the country, including its youths:
“It is evident that we as a nation are confronted with a wide range of developmental challenges. The 2012 general household survey conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics revealed that 23.9% of the adult working population is unemployed. More worrisome is the fact that the unemployment rate has exhibited a worsening trend, rising from 8.2% in 1999 to the 23.9% in 2011. In Cross River State specifically, the rate increased from 7.9% in 2002 to 18.2% in 2011. This would obviously not only have a significant effect on the psychology of the individuals concerned, but also have a destabilizing impact on the wider society.
“In its bid to support efforts to reverse these glaring development challenges, the Central Bank of Nigeria has over the years, continued to partner with Government at all levels and some stakeholders to initiate policies, programmes and schemes that will impact the lives of youth in the country. The main purpose of our gathering this morning is to officially flag-off the Central Bank of Nigeria supported Entrepreneurship Development Centre located for the South-South zone. The centre would be expected to serve Akwa Ibom, Rivers, Bayelsa, Edo, Delta and Cross River states. Consequently, it will advertise and enroll trainees from these states.
“This initiative commenced 2008 in three locations namely; Onitsha (South-East), Kano (North-West), and Lagos (South-West). Between 2008 and 2013, the three centres have trained a total of 41,828 persons, counseled 94,259 entrepreneurs and have directly led to the creation of 13,124 jobs. Furthermore, a total of 1,743 trainees were linked to financial institutions from which they obtained loans amounting to N227.84 million to start or expand their businesses. This first phase of the CBN-EDC initiative came to an end April 2013 having operated for 5 years. For sustainability purposes, I am pleased to inform you that the Management of the Bank has extended the tenure of the first phase CBN-EDCs by an additional three years to enable the host State Governments in the aforementioned zones key in and participate actively in the enhanced EDC model. The Bank is therefore in the process of putting together phase 2 of the programme for the South-East, North-West and South-West zones.
“The modest achievements recorded and the experiences of the EDC have encouraged the Bank to roll out the project in the remaining three geopolitical zones of North-East (Maiduguri), North- Central (Makurdi) and South-South (Calabar). To date the new centres have trained all together 1,381 participants in the first half of 2013, in spite of teething challenges faced. I particularly appreciate the Government of Cross River State for allocating a temporary training venue for the Implementing Agency, Shield Academy Partners to commence its training activities before today’s official flag-off of this magnificent building that will permanently host the centre.
“Permit me at this point to take a few minutes to provide a brief highlight on the EDC to create an understanding of its concept, operational modality and what is required from stakeholders (Government, CBN, Implementing Agencies, and Financial Institutions etc) to make the programme a success.
“The EDC provides a platform for State Governments, private sector and the Central Bank of Nigeria to jointly support entrepreneurship development across the country. The centres provide facilities for training particularly secondary school leavers and university graduates to obtain skills on how to identify, choose, and practically engage in profitable production of goods and services.
“The State Government is expected to provide the enabling environment through the provision of conducive structure and a site for the centres, while the Central Bank of Nigeria engages private consultants to independently operate the centres. It is worth reiterating that the states where the EDCs are located and the implementation agency were selected through a competitive bidding process to guarantee efficiency and effectiveness in its operations.
“The governments of the respective states are also expected to enlighten their indigenes and provide the required financial and moral support to take full advantage of the opportunities offered. Trainees/graduates of the EDCs are expected to be attached to incubation facilities, where they could commence, practice and perfect their chosen businesses upon graduation before standing independently on their own.
“To reiterate my earlier point, out of 41,828 participants trained in the pilot phase of the EDCs between 2008 and April 2013, only 1,743, (about 4.17 per cent) of the trainees were linked to financial institution for loans, which we found quite worrisome as it was an obvious hindrance to achieving the objectives of the EDCs. This has been one of the major challenges of the programme for which efforts are being made to address. I am pleased to inform you that the Bank through NIRSAL Plc., the CBN’s Incentive-based, Risk Sharing System for Agricultural Lending, would support trainees in agricultural value-chain businesses by way of credit guarantees, insurance, technical assistance and other incentives. Also, the Bank on August 15, 2013, launched the N220 Billion Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Fund (MSMEDF) which has a funding window for Financial Institutions, particularly Microfinance Banks, to provide funding for the financial needs of the EDC graduates. This Fund will provide long-term low interest funding to eligible MFI, for on-lending to beneficiaries at single digit interest rates. 60% of the Fund is dedicated to businesses owned and managed by women. The Governing Council of the EDCs is also exploring ways to key in to the Bank of Industry’s recently launched Bottom of the Pyramid Fund for the EDC graduates to access for their chosen businesses.
Let me use this opportunity to urge the Nigerian financial institutions and other stakeholders here present, to support innovations and services that will enhance the success of the implementation of the EDC in the South-South. State Governments in the geopolitical zone are encouraged to set aside funds dedicated to the graduates of the EDC to enable them start up and expand their businesses. I should also add that the Bank has recently reviewed the Microfinance Policy to allow State Governments to establish Microfinance Banks that can provide financial services to micro, small and medium scale entrepreneurs.
“I would want to emphasize that the ultimate goal of the EDC concept is to achieve the replication of the Centres in each State of the Federation. At this juncture, I would like to urge others, particularly governments, NGOs and wealthy individuals in society to explore setting up EDCs, as they can be a valuable conduit for building the entrepreneurial capacity of people and assisting them to contribute to the economic wellbeing of the country.
“The EDCs hold promise for engaging our youth in productive and positive activities. It will assist in job and wealth creation, promote growth and development and checkmate restiveness and other vices in our society. All efforts must therefore be made to support the realization of its objectives.”
•Photo shows CBN Governor Sanusi.
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