Nioma banner Fidelity bank banner Bayelsa State banner
Budget cycle inconsistency hindering economic development – Experts

By News Express on 18/06/2018

Share on facebook Yahoo mail icon Gmail icon Share on Google+

Views: 358

Over the years, the nation’s budget cycle has been inconsistent without a definite pattern, giving room for speculations and poor implementation.

According to data obtained from the Fiscal Responsibility Commission (FRC) 2016 Annual Report and Audited Accounts, from 2011 to 2017, the time of approvals of the budgets is well into the New Year.

The earliest was that of 2013 which was submitted to the National Assembly on Oct. 10, 2012, and assented to by President Goodluck Jonathan on Feb. 26, 2013, indicating a five-month time lag.

All others were presented to the National Assembly in December and assented to in April, May or June.

In separate interviews with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), experts said that the inconsistency does not bode well for the economy.

Mr Atiku Samuel, Head of Research, BudgIT, said the economy depends on fiscal, monetary and trade policies to power it.

“Monetary authorities look closely at the budget for direction and that is why the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), was reluctant at its first meeting in 2018 to take action.

“Trade policy formulators sometimes bury decisions inside the budget.

“As such, the budget is an important planning tool within any functional economy’’, he said.

He added that inconsistency in the budget cycle meant that both monetary and trade policy formulators could not act or take informed actions at the appropriate time.

“That typically cascades across the economy, making decisions irrational and sometimes irrelevant.

“The organised private sector also suffers. For instance, government spending accounts for about 50 per cent of construction related spending.

“If the budget is not presented and passed at the right time, an inconsistent pattern follows as we have in Nigeria and players in that sector will also have to restructure.

“They cannot recruit in anticipation of an increase in spending and that inevitably kills jobs.

“Some even sack workers because revenue is inconsistent, as we have seen in the construction sector.’’

Samuel said that inconsistency in the budget cycle also renders fiscal stimulus ineffective and makes the pattern of spending difficult to trace and follow through.

He added that no investor likes volatility because it creates huge unmanageable risks.

Mr Eze Onyekpere, Lead Director, Centre for Social Justice (CSJ), a Civil Society Organisation (CSO), said the fact that the nation no longer had a fixed budget calendar had introduced inconsistency and uncertainty into the economy.

He said this trend had influenced poor economic performance in terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), growth and ability to meet sectoral objectives.

“This has also led to haphazard budgetary and economic policy implementation. Capital budget implementation has suffered under this budgeting scenario.’’

He, however, said that the executive and legislative arms of government had specific roles to play in rectifying and addressing the budget calendar and implementation challenge.

“First, the executive have to start the budget preparation process early through the Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF).

“The MTEF should be ready for the endorsement of the Federal Executive Council (FEC), on or before the end of the second quarter (June).

“It should be submitted to the legislature which should vet and approve of same before proceeding on their legislative break in July.

“Thereafter, the executive budget should be ready by the first week of September and submitted to the National Assembly which will then have four months to approve same before the end of the year.’’

According to Onyekpere, there should be a commitment on the part of the legislature to approve the budget before proceeding on Christmas and New Year vacation.

This, he said, would enable implementation to begin on Jan. 1 of the New Year.

Mr Victor Muruako, the Acting Chairman FRC, also said the trend reduces predictability and affects planning even within the Ministries, Departments, and Agencies (MDAs), and with those doing business.

“It is also not very encouraging to investors because government being the highest spender, it is good that there should be a level of predictability’’, he said.

Muruako, however, said that though the inconsistency was not a good precedent, the commission was working closely with other MDAs, particularly the Ministry of Budget and National Planning, Budget Office of the Federation and Ministry of Finance to improve on it.

This, he said was to ensure stricter compliance with timelines so that the right thing would be done at the right time.

“It is an evolving thing and we are not there yet but I believe that with the level of commitment of the Federal Government, particularly the financial team, I see a silver lining in the horizon and we will definitely get there.

“We are hoping that we will soon see a January to December financial year, but there is need to improve the relationship between the executive and legislative arms of government because that is another thing that affects it.’’

He recalled that the budget was submitted to the National Assembly in the first week of Nov. 2017, but was only passed by the legislature in May, adding that the legislature had a greater role to play.

Muruako said there was the need for better relations between the executive and legislature so that there would be synergy.

He also said that if the legislative arm was involved from the point of formation or articulation of the estimates, there would not be need for too much scrutiny.

“The theory of separation of powers is there, but they are supposed to work as one.

“Anytime they are not working together, it is evident and this is affecting the nation, but I believe that democracy is still evolving here and we will get there soon,’’ he said.

The FRC report also said that a strict budget timetable should be incorporated into the Fiscal Responsibility Act (FRA), 2007.

It said that through that, relevant agencies would be committed to specific tasks, timelines and deadlines, which if enforced would help solve the perennial problem of late preparation and passage.

NAN reports that the 2018 Appropriation Bill of N8.61 trillion proposed by President Muhammadu Buhari was presented to the National Assembly in Nov. 2017.

It was, however, raised to N9.12 trillion and passed by the National Assembly on May 16, and is still awaiting assent by the President.  (NAN)

•President Muhammadu Buhari presenting 2018 budget before a joint session of the House of Representatives and the Senate

Source News Express

Posted 18/06/2018 11:11:30 AM


Share on facebook Yahoo mail icon Gmail icon Share on Google+



REVEALED: 3 natural ways to get stronger erections, last 25 minutes on bed, and increase manhood size without using drugs. Also, Natural Prostrate Enlargement Remedy.. Get In HERE...


You may also like...
China produces 209 multi-billionaire lawmakers

FAAC suspends meetings indefinitely over under-remittance by NNPC...

Nigilari: Adamawa groups protest PDP NWC zoning of...

£6m Down The Drain: The many lies about...

Imo: Okorocha has performed better than his predecessors,...

Communications Minister defends proposed tax on phone calls,...

Party elects young farmer as Anambra governorship candidate...

Airtel named Customer Friendly Operator of the Year;...

Over 50 feared killed, 68 injured in Borno...

Ronaldo is FIFA World Best Player of the...

Union demands LASU re-opening

Buhari breaks promise not to shy away from...


Latest News 2019: Atiku begins nationwide tour, set for mega declaration on July 21 Fayemi storms Ado Ekiti in victory procession 23 soldiers, 8 trucks missing in Borno after Boko Haram ambush Four policemen burnt in Edo Presidency mocks Fayose Residents cry as ocean submerges Ondo community Cybercrime: Benin Republic releases Nigerian students to embassy Another Nigerian shot dead in S. Africa British Minister resigns over indecent messages to women NSCDC to conduct biometric registration for housemaids, others Sell, spray, mutilate banknotes, go to Jail, CBN Warns Nigerians Ekiti Election: Nigerians have spoken — Minister


Most Read NUDE PHOTO OF OMOTOLA JALADE-EKEINDE surfaces online (361,004 views) Nigerian female sex addict opens up, says ‘I like it with both men and women’ (357,772 views) Shameless Genevieve Nnaji exposes breasts in public (286,087 views) Finally named: The full list of friends of Nigerian female sex addict who prowled Facebook (234,740 views) OLUMBA OLUMBA OBU (the one who called himself God) IS DEAD (213,899 views) Igbo scholar disgraces Femi Fani-Kayode •Demolishes claims on Igbo/Yoruba history with facts and figures (212,185 views) Breaking News: POPULAR REVEREND CONVERTS TO ISLAM in Kaduna (Nigeria) (185,927 views) OBJ’s son reported dead in Lagos plane crash •Names of more victims emerge (167,944 views) THE FINAL DISGRACE: Igbo scholar unleashes more facts about Igbo/Yoruba history, finishes off Femi Fani-Kayode with second article (156,013 views) My wasted years in Olumba Olumba Obu’s Evil Brotherhood (152,265 views) Lagos plane crash: Journalist releases victims’ names (147,198 views) Gunmen kill ASP, 2 other police officers in vain bid to kidnap Rivers PDP chieftain (138,473 views)


Categories Advertorials (3) African Press Organisation (81) Art & Literature (52) Business & Economy (3,339) Business Verdict (45) Columnists (886) Complaints & Requests (94) Enterprise & Opportunities (207) Entertainment (516) Features (614) Global Business Monitor (284) International (2,128) Interview (157) Live Commentary (28) Love Matters (127) News (37,142) Opinion (1,021) Pidgin (10) Politics (5,569) Religion (783) Sports (1,609) Stock Watch (33) AMA & Al Jazeera Global Update


CBN banner

Firstmobile banner




FRANCE vs CROATIA 4-2 Highlights & Goals 2018


APO Group Partner




GOCOP Accredited Member

GOCOP Accredited member



Africa Media Agency and Al Jazeera