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Issues in French, British elections

By News Express on 29/04/2017

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I ran into an important information fortuitously, about the Universal Declarations of Human Rights, which was adopted by the United Nations Organisation on December 10, 1948. 

A friend called to congratulate me for being nominated as Africa’s Distinguished Personality Honour award for 2017, by the Trans-Africa Students’ Initiative.  As we were in serious conversation on the award, he hinted me that since my nomination was because of my outstanding activities in the human rights community, I must be conversant with how the about 30 articles embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights were authored. 

Honestly, although I have worked at the highest level of human rights advocacy as a federal commissioner in Nigeria's National Human Rights Commission, I cannot boast of knowing from where and who authored those beautiful articles that make up the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

This friend, who read French in the university, then told me that the articles were first written in French, and in the French capital, Paris.

This small revelation brings us to the topic of my analysis today, which is on the ongoing general elections in France and its neighbouring country, Britain. Both nations have rich backgrounds in democracy. We will analyse these elections because of how closely related Nigeria is to both the British and French governments. The British colonised Nigeria, and France colonised majority of our neighbours. Nigeria made English as the official language, but French is the official language of most of the countries next to us.

In the contemporary times, France and Britain are known to be playing active roles in helping to wage the ongoing counter-terror war against Boko Haram terrorists, who have attacked Nigeria, Niger and Cameroon since four years now. Both foreign powers have contributed immensely to the setting up of the West African Counter-terror Joint Military Task Force, which has its headquarters in Chadian Republic. The British Government is also known to have provided training assistance to Nigeria’s military on counter-insurgency warfare. On its part, France has played host to several top-level global summits on Boko Haram in which President Muhammadu Buhari participated in person in the French capital, Paris. 

So the elections in France and Great Britain, which are some of the world’s most respected democracies will inevitably affect Nigeria and Nigerians, because of the strategic issues that are at the core of the campaigns by the candidates in both elections. One of the critical issues is on immigration. It is a notorious fact that Nigerians are among the largest numbers of migrants who are fleeing due to insecurity of lives and property in our country. A large part of Nigeria have witnessed horrendous violence by diverse armed non-state actors, and the conventional Nigeria military appears either too weak to defeat these private armed hoodlums or, in most cases, are alleged to have compromised. 

Armed Fulani terrorists and Boko Haram terrorists are two of the deadliest attackers who have created so much insecurity in parts of Nigeria to an extent that displaced citizens are fleeing in their droves. And Libya seems to be the major point of attraction as a way of escape for refuge into the Western European communities. In both Britain and France, there is an ongoing conversation on how to introduce strategic measures to curtail the influx of migrants from the West Coast of sub-Saharan Africa to these first world countries of Europe, through the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of lawless Libya.

The British are also in the process of beginning the implementation of their voluntary exit out of the European Union; and the focal point of the campaigns of the leading parties - such as the Conservatives, Labour, and Liberal Democrats - is on reduction of migration. In fact, the British Premier, Mrs Theresa May, who announced June 8, 2017 as the date for a snap election, said she did that so as to get better support for a successful Brexit. The Prime Minister said she wants to hold a snap general election on 8 June, despite repeatedly claiming that she was against the idea of an early vote.

In a surprise statement outside Downing Street, The Guardian of Britain reported that, the Prime Minister claimed that opposition parties were jeopardising her government’s preparations for Brexit.

We need a general election, and we need one now,” adding: “I have only recently and reluctantly come to this conclusion: it is the only way to guarantee certainty for the years ahead.”

In her statement, May said her government was trying to deliver on last year’s referendum result, by making sure Britain regained control and struck new trade deals.

After the country voted to leave the European Union (EU), Britain needed certainty, stability and strong leadership. Since I became Prime Minister, the government has delivered precisely that,” she said, but noted that other political parties had opposed her efforts.

The Guardian also reported Jeremy Corbyn, the leader of the Labour party, as stating that he welcomed the decision, suggesting his MPs would back the Commons’ motion.

I welcome the prime minister’s decision to give the British people the chance to vote for a government that will put the interests of the majority first. 

Labour will be offering the country an effective alternative to a government that has failed to rebuild the economy, delivered falling living standards and damaging cuts to our schools and NHS.

 “In the last couple of weeks, Labour has set out policies that offer a clear and credible choice for the country. We look forward to showing how Labour will stand up for the people of Britain.”

Currently, the Conservatives have 330 MPs, giving the party its working majority of 17. Labour has 229, the SNP 54, and the Liberal Democrats (Lib Dems), 8. Minor parties and independents hold the remaining seats, in a 650-strong House of Commons.

Keir Starmer, the shadow Brexit secretary, said that the country was more divided than it ever had been during his lifetime. “That represents a complete failure by Theresa May to bring the country together behind a bold and confident future for Britain, outside the EU.”

The Lib Dem leader, Tim Farron, was reported as saying thus: “This election is your chance to change the direction of our country. If you want to avoid a disastrous hard Brexit - if you want to keep Britain in the single market, if you want a Britain that is open, tolerant and united - this is your chance. Only the Liberal Democrats can prevent a Conservative majority."

In France, the two leading candidates for the second round of the presidential election have been elected during the first round of the election, held on Sunday April 23, 2017. They are Emmanuel Macron and Miss Marine Le Pen.

 Macron, an independent Candidate who formed his party only a year ago, is known to have a liberal position on immigration. Al Jazeera reports that, unlike several of his opponents on the left and right, Macron has avoided making pronouncements against Muslim dress codes, and is a fierce defender of an open immigration system. In February, he condemned France's colonial legacy in Algeria as a "crime against humanity", earning rebukes from many on the right.

Nevertheless, Macron stood firm, apologising only for the offence caused and not for the actual comment itself. As an economic liberal, he has fiscal policies that differ a little from the economic consensus built in the decade since the global crash that started in 2007.

On her part, Le Pen is a fierce campaigner for France to quit European Union.  Aljazeera reported that in March, she emerged from a meeting with the Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow to deliver a proclamation to the reporters gathered: "A new world has emerged."

The leader of France's far-right National Front (FN) party hopes that she will be a leading figure in this radical reordering of the global elite, which already counts the election of US President, Donald Trump and the British vote to leave the EU among its successes.

Once considered an unrealistic prospect, Le Pen would cause shockwaves just as large as Brexit or the Trump victory, if she were successful in the upcoming presidential vote, in few weeks’ time. 

As stated earlier, these elections will directly shape some happenings in Nigeria. Nigeria enjoys buoyant trade volumes with these two nations, and so the administrations that would emerged from the elections would be expected to consolidate on the healthy economic ties; but it all depends on how Nigeria organises herself. For instance, as far back as April 2016, Mr Nick Hurd, the British Minister of International Development, was quoted in the press as stating that the trade volume between Nigeria and United Kingdom was estimated to be within the region of £6 billion British Pounds or N2.4 trillion  in 2015. Then, in July 2015, the French Ambassador to Nigeria, Mr Denys Guur, was quoted as saying that the trade volume between Nigeria and France had reached N1.1 trillion. 

So give and take, which ever political parties that produces the winners of these key elections deep inside Europe, would surely be expected by Nigerians to deepen our trade and economic relationship; with the hope that the economy of Nigeria can be revived, if there exist fair and balanced trades. 

Another issue Nigerians would hopefully look for solutions is insecurity.  Nigerians would look up to the administrations that would emerge in those countries to further scale up the bilateral agreements on the global counter- terror war, because of the obvious fact that insecurity is the number one cause of huge influx of migrants out of Nigeria to Europe. If the twin evils of insecurity and economic recession are to be resolved quickly, the issue of irregular migration of Nigerians into Europe would be a thing of the past. France and Britain would also be expected to look at the poor respect for human rights of Nigerians by the government.  

RIGHTSVIEW appears on Wednesdays, in addition to special appearances. The Columnist, a popular activist, is a former Federal Commissioner of Nigeria’s National Human Rights Commission and presently National Coordinator of Human Rights Writers’ Association of Nigeria (HURIWA). He can be reached via 08033327672 (sms only) or via doziebiko@yahoo.com

Source News Express

Posted 29/04/2017 8:48:45 PM

 

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